List of Acronyms

| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W |


AB - Assembly Bill

ABT - Availability Based Tariff

AC - Alternating Current

ACEC - Areas of Critical Environmental Concern

ACEEE - American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy

AD - Accelerated Depreciation

ADB - Asian Development Bank

ADT - Average Daily Traffic

AFB - Air Force Base

ALUC - Airport Land Use Commission

ALUCP - Airport Land Use Compatibility Plan

AM - Air Mass

APS - Alternating Power Source

APPC - Average Pooled Purchase Cost

AQMP - Air Quality Management Plan

ARC - Asset Recovery Company

ASCE - American Society of Civil Engineers

ASEI - Asia Solar Energy Initiative

AUM - Assets Under Management


BACM - Best Available Control Measures

BAU - Business as Usual

BE - Baseline Emissions

BFPP - Bona Fide Prospective Purchaser

BIS - Bureau of Indian Standards

BM - Build Margin

BMPs - Best Management Practices

BMU - Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit - Federal German Ministry of the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety

BOM - Bill of Materials

BOQ - Bill of Quantity

BOOT - Build Operate Own Transfer

BOS - Balance of System

BPC - Bid Process Coordinator


CA - Corrective Action / Clarification Action

CAA - Clean Air Act

Cal/EPA - California Environmental Protection Agency

Cal/OSHA - California Occupational Safety and Health Administration

Caltrans - California Department of Transportation

CAPEX - Capital Expenditure

CAR - Corrective Action Request

CARB - California Air Resources Board

CCD - Compulsory Convertible Debentures

CCD - Concessional Customs Duty

CCR - California Code of Regulations

CDFG - California Department of Fish and Game

CDM - Clean Development Mechanism

CDM PCP - Clean Development Mechanism Project Cycle Procedure

CDM PS - Clean Development Mechanism Project Standard

CdTe - Cadmium Telluride

CEA - Central Electricity Authority

CED - Concessional Excise Duty

CEI - Chief Electrical Engineer

CEIG - Chief Electrical Engineer to Government

CEQA - California Environmental Quality Act

CER - Certified Emission Reduction(s)

CERC - Central Electricity Regulatory Commission

CERCLA - Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act

CESA - Clean Energy States Alliance

CESA - California Endangered Species Act

CFR - Code of Federal Regulations

CGS - California Geological Survey

CHP - California Highway Patrol

CIGS - Copper Indium Gallium Selenide

CL - Clarification Request

CLP - Closed Landfill Program

CM - Combined Margin

CNDDB - California Natural Diversity Database

CNEL - Community Noise Equivalent Level

CNPS - California Native Plant Society

CO2 - Carbon Dioxide

CO2e - Carbon Dioxide equivalent

COD - Commercial Operation Date

CP - Certification Program

CPUC - California Public Utilities Commission

CRBRWQCB - Colorado River Basin Regional Water Quality Control Board

c-Si - Crystalline Silicon

CSI - California Solar Initiative

CSP - Concentrated Solar Power

CTE - Consent to Establish

CTO - Consent to Operate

CUF - Capacity Utilization Factor

CUP - Conditional Use Permit

CUPA - Certified Unified Program Agency

CVC - California Vehicle Code

CWA - Clean Water Act

C-WET - Center for Wind Energy Technology


DACRE - District Advisory Committee on Renewable Energy

dB - Decibels

dBA - A-weighted decibels

DC - Direct Current

DC or D/C - Double Circuit

DFI - Development Funding Institution

DFID - U.K Department for International Development Cooperation

DGCA - Directorate General for Civil Action

DGFT - Directorate General of Foreign Trade

DISCOMS - State Distribution companies

DNA - Designated National Authority

DNI - Direct Normal Irradiation

DOE - Designated Operational Entity

DOE - United States Department of Energy

DPM - diesel exhaust emissions

DPR – Detailed Project Report

DR - Document Review

DRECP - Desert Renewable Energy Conservation Plan

DRC - Development & Reform Commission

DRT - Debt Recovery Tribunals

DSCR - Debt Service Coverage Ratio

DSRA - Debt Service Reserve Account

DTSC - Department of Toxic Substances and Control

DWR - Department of Water Resources


EA - Expenditure Account

EA – Executing Agency

EB - CDM Executive Board

EBITDA - Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortization

EBRD - European Bank for Reconstruction and Development

ECA - Export Credit Agency

ECB - External Commercial Borrowing

EDR - Environmental Data Resources, Inc.

EEOC - Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

EHS - Environmental Health Services

EHV – Extra High Voltage

EIA – Environmental Impact Assessment

EIB - European Investment Bank

EIR - Environmental Impact Report

EMP – Environmental Management Plan

EMoP – Environmental Monitoring Plan

EOP - Emergency Operations Plan

EPA - Environmental Protection Agency

EPB - Environmental Protection Bureau

EPC - Engineering, Procurement and Construction

EPC - Engineering, Procurement and Contracting

EPLI - Employment Pracitices Liability Insurance

EPS - Emissions Performance Standards

ER - Emission Reduction

ERM - Environment Resource Management

ERPA - Emission Reduction Purchase Agreement

ESA - Endangered Species Act

ESI - Environmental Site Investigation


FAA - Federal Aviation Administration

FAR - Forward Action Request

FCB - Foreign Currency Borrowing

FEMA - Federal Emergency Management Agency

FFA – Framework Financing Agreement

FICON - Federal Interagency Committee on Noise

FI - Financial Institution

FiT - Feed-in Tariff

FMMP - Farmland Mapping and Monitoring Program

FPPA - Farmland Protection Policy Act

FSR - Feasibility Study Report

FTA - Federal Transit Administration


GBI - Generation Based Incentive

GC - Government Code

GETCO – Gujarat Energy Transmission Corporation

GHG - Greenhouse gas(es)

GIZ - Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit – German Agency for International Cooperation

GOG – Government of Gujarat

GoI – Government of India

GPCL – Gujarat Power Corporation Limited

GPCB – Gujarat Pollution Control Board

GRM – Grievance Redress Mechanism

GSC - Global Stakeholders Comments

GUVNL - Gujarat Urja Vikas Nigam Limited

GWP - Global Warming Potential


ha – Hectare

HCP - Habitat Conservation Plan

HRI - Historic Resources Inventory

HT - High Tension

HVDS – High-Voltage Distribution System

Hz - Hertz


I - Interview

IA – Implementing Agency

ICAPCB - Imperial County Air Pollution Control Board

ICAPCD - Imperial County Air Pollution Control District

ICFD - Imperial County Fire Department

ICS - Incident Command System

IDBI - Industrial Development Bank of India

IDC - Interest During Construction

IDFC - Infrastructure Development Finance Company

IEC - International Electrotechnical Commission

IEE – Initial Environmental Examination

IEGC - Indian Electricity Grid Code

IEX - Indian Energy Exchange

IFC - International Finance Corporation

IFY - Indian Financial Year

IGR - Intergovernmental Review

IID - Imperial Irrigation District

IL&FS - Infrastructure Leasing and Financial Services Limited

IMD - India Meteorological Department

INR - Indian Rupees

IPCC - Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IREDA - Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency

IRR - Internal Rate of Return

IS - Initial Study

IsDB - Islamic Development Bank

ISGGF - India Solar Generation Guarantee Facility

ISO - Insurance Services Office

IWRMP - Integrated Water Resources Management Plan

IWTMA - Indian Wind Turbine Manufacturing Association


JBIC - Japan Bank for International Cooperation

JICA - Japan International Cooperation Agency

JNNSM - Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission


KfW - Kreditanstalt fuer Wiederaufbau

KGRAs - Known Geothermal Resource Areas

kW - Kilowatt

kWh - Kilowatt-hour

kWp - kilowatt peak


L - Leakage

LCOE - Levelized Cost of Energy

Ldn - Day-Night Noise Levelized

Leg - Energy Equivalent Noise Level

LESA - Land Evaluation and Site Assessment

LIM - Land Inventory Monitoring

LLC - Limited Liability Company

Lmax - Maximum Noise Level

Lmin - Minimum Noise Level

LoA - Letter of Approval

LoA - Letter of Award

LoC - Letter of Credit

LOI - Letter of Intent

LOS - Level of Service

L&T - Larsen and Toubro

LT - Low Tension


MBCL - Moser Baer Clean Energy Limited

MBTA - Migratory Bird Treaty Act

MCA - Ministry of Corporate Affairs

MEI - Maximally Exposed Individual

MLD - Most likely descendant

MMRP - Mitigation Monitoring and Restoration Plan

MNRE - Ministry of New and Renewable Energy

MOC - Modalities of Communication

MoEF – Ministry of Environment and Forests

MoM - Minutes of Meeting

MOP – Ministry of Power

MOU - Memorandum of Understanding

MoV - Means of Verification

MP – Madhya Pradesh

MP - Monitoring Plan

MPCA - Minnesota Pollution Control Agency

MPO - Metropolitan Planning Organization

MSL - Mean Sea Level

MSW - Municipal Solid Waste

MW - Megawatt

MWh - Megawatt-hour

MWp - Megawatt hour peak


N/A - Not Applicable

NAAQS - National Ambient Air Quality Standards

NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NASA-SSE - National Aeronautics and Space Administration - Surface

NBFC - Non-banking Financial Company

NCP - National Contingency Plan

NDRC - National Development & Reform Commission

NFPA - National Fire Protection Association

NGO - Non-Governmental Organization

NIMS - National Incident Management System

NIT – Notice of Inviting Tender

NLDC - National Load Dispatch Center

Nord/LB - Norddeutsche Landesbank

NOAA - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NOP - Notice of Preparation

NPDES - National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System

NRCS - Natural Resource Conservation Service

NREL - National Renewable Energy Laboratory

NSM - National Solar Mission

NVVN - NTPC Vidyut Vyapar Nigam

NVVNL - NTPC (National Thermal Power Corporation) Vidyut Vyapar Nigam Limited

NWCG - Northwest China Grid


OA - Open Access

OA - Operational Area

ODA - Official Development Assistance

OEHHA - Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment

OES - Office of Emergency Services

OHP - Office of Historic Preservation

OM - Operating Margin

O&M - Operations and Maintenance

OPEX - Operational Expenditure

OPIC - Overseas Private Investment Corporation

OSHA - Occupational Safety and Health Administration

OSV - On-site Visit

OSRTI - Office of Superfund Remediation and Technology Innovation

OSWER - Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response


PCFACC - Pollution Control Financing Authority of Camden County

PDD - Project Design Document

PDR - Preliminary Design Report

PFC - Power Finance Corporation

PGA - peak ground acceleration

PGCIL – Power Grid Corporation of India Limited

PIA - Project Implementation Agreement

PLA - Prospective Leaser Agreement

PLF – Plant Load Factor

PLR - Prime Lending Rate

PMU – Project Management Unit

PP - Project Participant

PPA - Power Purchasing agreement

PPC - Public Protection Classification

PPV - peak particle velocity

PR - Performance Ratio

PRC - Public Resources Code

PSA - Power Sale Agreement

PSD - Prevention of Significant Deterioration

PTCC – Power Telecom Co-ordination Committee

PV - Photovoltaic

PVSOC - Photovoltaic-Security Operations Center

PXIL - Power Exchange of India Ltd


QC/QA - Quality Control/Quality Assurance


RACM - Reasonably Available Control Measures

RBI - Reserve Bank of India

RCPG - Regional Comprehensive Plan and Guide

RCRA - Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976

RE – Rural Electrification

REC - Renewable Energy Certificate

REDA - Renewable Energy Development Agency

RERC - Rajasthan Electricity Regulatory Commission

RETI - Renewable Energy Transmission Initiative

RFP - Request for Proposal

RFQ - Request for Qualifications

RFQ - Request for Quotation

RFR - Request for Registration

RfS - Request for Selection

ROG - Reactive Organic Gases

ROW – Right of Way

RP – Resettlement Plan

RPPC - Rajasthan Power Procurement Centre

RPO - Renewable Purchase Obligation

RPS - Renewable Portfolio Standard

RPSSGP - Rooftop PV and Small Solar Power Generation Programme

RREC - Rajasthan Renewable Energy Corporation Ltd.

RRECL - Rajasthan Renewable Energy Corporation Ltd.

RSP - Rajasthan Solar Policy

RTL - Rupee Term Loan

RVPN - Rajasthan Vidyut Prasaran Nigam

RWQCB - Regional Water Quality Control Board


SA - Sensitivity Analysis

SARA - Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act

SB - Senate Bill

SBC - Safe Bearing Capacities

SBI - State Bank of India

SBICAPS - State Bank of India Capital Markets

SCAG - Southern California Association of Governments

SCIC - South Coastal Information Center

SD - Sustainable Development

SDC - Seismic Design Category

SEB - State Electricity boards

SEC - Solar Energy Cover

SEIA - Social and Environmental Impact Assessment

SEL - Single Event Noise Level

SELP - Small-Scale Energy Loan Program

SEMS - Standardized Emergency Management System

SERC - State Electricity Regulatory Commission

SEZ - Special Economic Zone

SGIP - Self-Generation Incentive Program

SIP - State Implementation Plan

SItC - Supplier Information to Client

SLD - Single Line Diagram

SLDC - State Load Dispatch Center

SLP - Sea Level Pressure

SNA - State Nodal Agency

SOP - Standard Operating Procedures

SPCC - spill prevention, control, and countermeasure

SPO - Solar Purchase Obligation

SPE - Special Purpose Entity

SPPA - Solar Power Purchase Agreement

SPV - Special Purpose Vehicle

SPT - Standard Penetration Test

SPV - Solar Photovoltaic

SR - State Route

SREC - Solar Renewable Energy Certificates

SRRA - Solar Radiation Resource Assessment Station

SSC - Small-Scale

SSC - Small Scale Project Activity

SSC - Species of Special Concern

SSP - Solar Service Provider

STC - Standard Test Conditions

STHS - Stakeholder Survey

STU - State Transmission Utility

SVOCs - Semi Volatile Organic Compounds

SVP - Society for Vertebrate Paleontology

SWMU - Solid Waste Management Unit

SWPPP - Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan

SWRCB - State Water Resources Control Board


t - Tonne

TACs - Toxic Air Contaminants

TANDEGCO - Tamil Nadu Generation and Distribution Corporation

TCEQ - Texas Commission on Environmental Quality

tCO2e - Tonnes of CO2 equivalents

TEDA - Tamil Nadu Energy Development Authority

TMDL - Total Maximum Daily Loads

TNEB - Tamil Nadu Electricity Board

TOU - Time of Use


UBC - Uniform Building Code

UNEP - United National Environment Programme

UNFCCC - United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

UPRR - Union Pacific Railroad

US EXIM Bank - The Export-Import Bank of United States

USACE - U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

USDA - U.S. Department of Agriculture

USEPA - Environmental Protection Agency

USFWS - United States Fish and Wildlife Service


VAT - Value-added Tax

VGF - Viability Gap Funding

VOC - Volatile organic content

VVM - Validation Verification Manual

VVS - Validation and Verification Standard


WDR - Waste discharge requirements

WDV - Written Down Value

WRDC - World Radiation Data Centre